To check perhaps the mathematics anxiety-efficiency link would be moderated by the a range of details (e

g., geographic part, aspect away from MA, aspect from math show, intercourse, stages top, and guide 12 months), i conducted the new heterogeneity attempt. The Q test (heterogeneity sample) found the difference among effect models, ergo to understand more about and therefore prospective moderator (we.e., study keeps) could have played a task in these differences try required.

## Geographic Region

Geographical countries was indeed thought a prospective modest basis. The outcome models had been labeled to the five wide teams: You, Europe, China and other counties. The newest mathematical heterogeneity among the effect brands was shown (Q = , p = 0.01). Specifically, the research having Asian examples encountered the prominent perception dimensions (roentgen = ?0.41), since education having European products presented the smallest effect proportions (r = ?0.21). Simultaneously, the studies around trials had a more impressive impression size (r = ?0.30) as compared to related class from inside the European countries, as they had a smaller impact dimensions versus relevant category inside the China.

## Intercourse

The newest modest analyses with the gender was in fact held thanks to two methods. First, the course with this variable is actually in keeping with Ma’s (1999) investigation, therefore we compared if the math nervousness-efficiency connect is actually notably different certainly one of three categories (male, women, and combined); the outcome advised there are no variations among the three groups (Q = cuatro.62, p = 0.099). Next, this research tended to expand next to check on when you should prohibit the newest confuse perception in the combined group and you may whether the average correlations anywhere between female and male had been somewhat various other. Only eight degree you to provided the fresh relationship anywhere between MA and you may mathematics abilities or necessary information is moved to perception designs getting some other men and women had been integrated. The outcome ideal no factor ranging from ladies (roentgen = ?0.30) and you can boys (r = ?0.18) (Q = 2.73, p = 0.098).

## Grade Top

Five amount-height groups were molded in this meta-analysis, in addition to a fundamental classification, junior large category, senior high class, mix classification, and you will college or university category. The results advised this changeable had tall effects into the mathematics anxiety-overall performance link (Q = , p = 0.02). Significantly more especially, new elderly higher group had the biggest mathematics nervousness-results link (roentgen = ?0.44), accompanied by new junior high class (roentgen = ?0.39), college (roentgen = ?0.33), primary (r = ?0.27), and you may mixed category, which had the tiniest mathematics stress-results connect (roentgen = ?0.21).

## Guide Many years

The current meta-study contains the time figure out of 19 decades (2000–2018). To check whether big date had an impact on the newest math anxiety-results connect, good Pearson relationship are conducted amongst the book many years in addition to of all the personal training (r = 0.twenty seven, p > 0.05). No relationship is actually found between feeling designs as well as the guide age (Shape cuatro).

## Dimensions off MA

We in addition to browsed if the balances accustomed sample math nervousness had an impact on brand new math nervousness-efficiency hook up. The outcome suggested that dimension off MA didn’t come with feeling for the mathematics nervousness-show hook (Q = six.54, p = 0.48). Particularly, individual knowledge that used other bills (elizabeth.g., this new Mathematics Nervousness Level having Primary College People [MASESS; Bindak, 2005] encountered the largest math stress-performance hook (roentgen = ?0.41), with knowledge that used the newest MAS (r = ?0.40), MARS (roentgen = ?0.35), MAQ (roentgen = ?0.28), MASYC (roentgen = ?0.26), CMAQ (r = ?0.24), SEMA (roentgen = ?0.24), and you may AMAS (roentgen = ?0.24), and you may personal studies which used this new MASC met with the minuscule math anxiety-efficiency hook up (r = ?0.15).

## Measurement out of Math Results

The classification criteria used to code the “math performance” variable are different. In terms of the testing aspects of the math performance test, two skills were highlighted: calculation and problem solving. In this study, the measurement aspects of the test had significant effects on the math anxiety-performance link (Q = , p < 0.01). Studies that evaluated mixed math performance (calculation and problem solving) reported the largest effects (r = ?0.37). In addition, it is worth noting that studies in which the test assessed problem-solving skills in math performance reported larger effects (r = ?0.33), while studies that assessed the calculation ability in math performance reported smaller effects (r = ?0.21). In terms of the form of the math performance test, three types of math performance tests were identified: custom test, standardized test and others. There was a significant difference among these conditions (Q = , p = 0.001). The results suggested that studies that adopted a standardized test custom test reported larger effects (r = ?0.33) than studies that adopted a standardized test (r = ?0.28). Moreover, the studies that adopted other math tests reported the largest effects (r = ?0.51).